Landscapes, Livelihoods, Investments, Planning, Policy, Water, Ecosystem services, Integrated water resource management
Kenya; Ewaso Nyiro; Ewaso Ngiro; Tana; Tana River; Tana River Basin; Dams; Infrastructure; Hydropower; Water Stewardship for Sustainable Hydropower
Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania - United Republic Of, Uganda, South Sudan
05 November 18
Information on comparable jurisdictions and publications. Such as a comparison of Kenya’s wetlands regulations to Uganda wetlands policies. What has the Kenyan one borrowed from Uganda and other nearby countries.
The National Wetlands Policy, 1995
The National Wetlands Policy, 1995 promotes conservation of Uganda’s wetlands in order to sustain their ecological and socio-economic functions for the present and future wellbeing of the people. The overall objective of the Wetlands Policy is to enhance equitable distribution of wetlands benefits to all stakeholders.
Consequently the policy recommends that:
a) there should be no net drainage of wetlands unless more important environmental management requirements exist;
b) activities which are compatible with the sustainable utilisation of wetlands should be permitted;
c) wetland developers should carry out environmental impact assessments (EIAs) and audits;
d) the optimum diversity of users and uses should be maintained in a wetland; and
e) rehabilitation and restoration of previously degraded wetlands
The Policy highlights the need for enacting a national law to regulate the management of wetlands resources and the role of the district authorities in controlling activities within wetlands is defined with procedures outlined to be followed in dealing with applications from prospective wetland resource developers. The Policy acknowledges ecological functions of wetlands including: maintenance of the water table through recharge to ensure access to water supplies for plants; prevention of erosion to reduce erosive force of storm events, resulting in soil and stream bank degradation; reduction in extremes of flow; wetland plants have the capacity to take out impurities from the water thus filtering it. The Policy is implemented through the Wetlands Sector Strategic Plans that define the projects and programmes.